Dark Spots / Melasma

 
Dark spots on the skin are typically caused by hyperpigmentation, the condition is called "Melasma".
Hyperpigmentation is an excessive production of melanin in a specific area due to several reasons like
 
 - Hormone unbalance
 - Excessive sun exposure
 - Liver malfunction
 - Skin damage (Scars, Acne etc.)
 
Hyperpigmentation may occur for several reasons, and sun exposure may trigger and always worsens the condition.
Genetic and sex are a big factor , for example , women and darker-skinned individuals/races  are the most affected by this aesthetic problem.
 
When Melasma occurs during pregnancy, it's called Chloasma
 
To prevent or minimize Melasma:
  • Always wear sunscreen when you are exposed to sunlight , even only by reflection.
  • Keep yourself well hydrated
  • Improve your nutrition with supplement , vitamins, minerals and fibers.
  • Have a good fitness regime that makes you perspire eliminating toxins.

     

     

     

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